Posts Tagged ‘Attention deficit’

Ten Ways Pediatric Neurologists Can Help Autistic Patients

Monday, December 8th, 2014

With all due respect to the intelligence of physicians who take specialized training in child neurology, it appears that there is often some disconnect between their knowledge about autism and the approach to the families and patients affected by this modern epidemic.

10•Making the diagnosis and giving some tickets for therapies is not enough. Questions such as, “How did my child get this? How many get better? What other things can we do? Are there any tests? Where can I go for more information?” are sure to follow the diagnostic impression. At least, provide useful answers for those interrogatories.

9•The child neurologist has the opportunity to assess the risk of anesthesia versus the poor yield of an MRI. Likewise, assisting in the consideration of a short-term EEG, when there is no indication of seizure activity. Those technologies are not a diagnostic workup.

8•There is more than one kind of autism. There should be careful exploration about specific difficulties with the skin, gastrointestinal system, or frequent infections.

7•Neurologists are in a position to provide valuable assistance regarding various alternative treatments’ risks and expense. An off-hand dismissal about therapies to address other co-morbid conditions does not enhance that specialist’s stature in the eyes of the parents.

6•It might be helpful to suggest simple, possibly helpful treatments, such as dietary restrictions. What is there to lose? For the physician who is truly concerned about key deficiencies, this would be a good opportunity to check the child’s nutritional status with some blood work.

5•Doctors who continue to repeat, “You are doing a great job,” at each visit, with little documentation of change, are less likely to experience further visits.

4•In addition to the usual Fragile X-boy-test and Rett’s-girl-test, the neurologist can order a ‘chromosomal microarray’. Copy number variation affects up to 15% of ASD patients. Insurance companies pay for this. Although the results may not be valuable today, that knowledge may be quite important as our understanding about autism evolves.

3•A screening laboratory evaluation for anemia, kidney, thyroid, and liver status may yield a great deal of information. Even if the busy doctor cannot act upon abnormalities, they can be conveyed to the pediatrician.

2•Expressions such as, “I’m willing to say developmental delay,” or “We have to wait to give you a diagnosis,” are for the previous century. In young toddlers, communication is in its most formative stage. “Let’s err on the side of caution, and make sure that you get S&L, OT, ABA, right away.”

1•There are studies to show that patients can recover. Knowledge about that research and successful outcomes provides real hope for bewildered parents.

‘Tis the Season to be Yeasty

Sunday, November 30th, 2014

seasongreat“Why does the yeast keep coming back? When will we be able to stop worrying about that?” Those are oft-repeated concerns from many parents of patients with ASD, who have noted remarkable improvements when their offspring no longer suffer from fungus.

At certain times of the year, more ASD patients seem to appear who display signs and symptoms of gut yeast. This list explains some underlying causes for this phenomenon. It can be sung to the tune of the Christmas Song or Dreidel Dreidel Dreidel.

Families travel. It is unlikely that they will come upon a road sign advertising “GF/CF/SF/SCD Fried Chicken”.

Likewise, running out of magic medications or significant supplements may lead to an increased chance of a yeast outbreak.

There are relatives who do not believe that food affects behaviors. Some try to sneak forbidden substances, just to prove that ‘The Diet’ is unnecessary. By the following day, there are often many new believers.

Traditional seasonal foods are usually not part of a restricted diet. In an effort to make the situation more ‘normal’, unfamiliar foods are provided that may lead to constipation or diarrhea.

Refined sugar and high fructose corn syrup are ubiquitous in processed foods. Yummy desserts can yield yucky, yeast-disturbed sleep.

Changes in weather often accompany a higher risk of viral and bacterial illness. Fevers and ‘colds’ frequently lead to antibiotic overuse that may result in yeast overgrowth.

“You’ve got to let them be kids,” said one parent who relented about the key lime pie. Another one lamented, “I paid for that ice cream cone – for a week!”

School personnel get relaxed about the diet in susceptible kids. Daily celebrations make the forbidden fruit even more appealing.

Junior has lots of new stuff (toys, packages, etc.) to put into his mouth. This provides an opportunity for a multitude of strange flora to explore your child.

Environmental alterations take place; such as a Christmas tree, ornaments pulled from the top shelves, and warm clothing exhumed from rarely-visited closets. This provides plenty of moldy allergens to over-tax the immune system.

Schools, homes, churches, etc. turn on the heating system for the first time; expelling blasts of spores. This may occur in climates as diverse as warm, wet Florida, or the chilly nights in dry Arizona.

With autism, the extra social and academic challenges at this time of year are overwhelming. This can lead to anxiety, poor(er) eating, aggression and sleep disturbance – giving the appearance of ‘yeasty behaviors’, even if that is not the cause. Family problems can produce a similar picture.

What to do about it:
Parents should not despair about this situation. Yeast in the G-I system is one of the few causes of the signs and symptoms of autism that CAN be successfully treated with safe and effective supplements, diet and medication.

This is a great time to provide natural anti-fungals, such as vinegar, garlic, olive leaf, etc., to the extent that products are palatable and well tolerated.

Under the supervision of an experienced physician, a course of a prescription anti-fungal may be just what the doctor ordered as a holiday ‘chaser’ for ASD patients affected with yeast.

Fish Oil for Autism and ADHD

Sunday, November 16th, 2014

It seems that the less that is scientifically certain about a nutritional supplement, the more Internet pages are devoted to convincing surfers about its value to your health.

On the other hand, certain food additives hang on because they appear to have merit. Fish oil, for example, has been a mainstay. In addition to health benefits for heart disease, depression and dementia, improvements have been documented in behavior, ADHD, communication and cognitive function – many of the core symptoms of ASD.

The Basics: (for our purposes)
The brain is rich in fats. They are membrane-stabilizing, anti-oxidizing, electricity-enhancing, chemical-carrying, and account for most of the weight of our CNS.

A healthy metabolism requires dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). One designation (Omega 3-6-9) describes the organic composition. Another important classification describes the size of the molecule (α lipoid acid-> EPA-> DHA).

There is evidence of differences in the PUFAs of people with ASD. The inference is that function can be normalized with dietary intervention by re-establishing typical levels and ratios.

Dietary sources:
Various mixtures derived from the ocean (cod, salmon, krill) and/or plants (flax, corn, nuts) are available. Claims about better stability, quality, purity, ingredients, absorption and disease-specific value are variously offered.

Particularly as regards a condition as multifactorial and enigmatic as ASD, this situation has resulted in a myriad of possible correct, useless, or even harmful choices.

Side effects:
WebMD lists a variety of adverse reactions, the most pertinent to the ASD population being:
G-I symptoms including burping, discomfort and loose stools
•Bleeding, including nosebleeds
PUFAs affect the immune system
•Heavy metal contamination
•Allergy to the source
•Exaggerating mental disorders
•Lowers blood pressure (many patients take bp lowering meds for sleep and anxiety).

Scientific papers reporting various dosages and formulations have demonstrated cautious safety, even in research that does not support assertions of improvement.

Results:
There is more than one study that refutes any positive effects, particularly in ADHD and ASD. There are few reports of gains in speech and language. Even the evidence offered by a popular vitamin company lacks specific supporting documentation.

Many children with ASD are on restricted diets or they are finicky eaters who could use the extra nutrition, anyway. Furthermore, there is a growing body of anecdotal reports and stories of improvement from various omega products.

There is theoretical and documented evidence that supports the proposition that this relatively safe and inexpensive nutritional supplement improves CNS functioning.

Conclusions:
Since we have limited ability to produce them, PUFAs are a dietary requirement. They are Essential Fatty Acids in various combinations, with confusing nomenclature. That situation often leads to marketing opportunities.

Little is certain regarding how this group of supplements affects patients with ASD. Users mostly rely on producer advertising for information and assurances about the “best” product.

In order to assess whether “it’s working,” caretakers should pay particular attention to gains in the most documented behavioral components, such as ADHD and aggression. Being aware of safe dosing and negative effects is valuable, as well.

Perhaps not producing as noticeable an improvement as other biomedical interventions, a high-quality oil that the child can tolerate (taste, smell), at the label-recommended dose, is a reasonable nutritional supplement for ASD.

The War on Autism

Sunday, November 2nd, 2014

In the 1980’s, President Ronald Reagan declared a ‘War on Drugs‘. The Global War on Terrorism was pronounced after 09/11/01. Early in this century, Bush 2 joined the war on HIV/Aids. This week, Obama named an Ebola Czar.

For some time now, the U.S. has only had an acting Surgeon General (Rear Admiral Boris Lushniak), because the nominee, Dr. Vivek Murthy, had the temerity to say that, “Guns are a health care issue.”

Is it any wonder that ASD has taken a backseat to other matters in our healthcare system?

More than forty years ago, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop challenged the tobacco industry juggernaut that assaulted the population of 20th century earth. He raised numerous warnings (including the dangers of second-hand smoke), and even changed the paradigms for advertising and labeling the product. In spite of some unpopular conservative views, especially regarding abortion, Dr. K was still considered America’s Doctor.

What does ‘declaring war’ mean?
It implies urgency. Somehow, more resources appear; including funding, infrastructure, media, etc. Priorities change. For ASD, a medical condition, personnel and materials would become focused on research to elucidate etiology, test treatments and evaluate prevention.

The ‘enemy’ is put on notice that the entire weight of the U.S. government is behind an effort to solve the problem. It worked when we landed a man on the moon, figured out the HIV epidemic, and Bin Laden. Autism is trickier because, like terrorism, it’s difficult to identify the opposition.

A ‘Czar’ is usually named. The Big Kahuna avoids Senate confirmation. Hopes are raised. There would be a commander to unify the disparate autism organizations.

How would the appointment of an Autism Czar help?
There would be instant recognition, finally, that there is an epidemic. Apparently, “ASD now affecting 1/42 males,” does not sound dire enough.

A true understanding of the costs should enlighten the prudent potentate about the enormous savings produced by early diagnosis and effective intervention.

There would be a respected leader to delegate resources to the areas of most need. This individual also has ultimate responsibility for education, caring for older patients, and the most affected.

More medical specialists would get involved in the search for answers. Gastroenterologists, dermatologists, immunologists, child neurologists, and pediatricians would find increased incentives to join the autism battle.

Research leading to effective medications would speed up. The major complaint by drug manufacturers is that it costs >$ 1B to develop any new drug. Perhaps, as in other crusades, the ASD maven could cut through the red tape to get things moving.

Vaccination research would take a new direction. Increased resources should include the formulation of controlled, prospective, randomized, double-blind studies about the various components of the present childhood immunization schedule, dose and timing. This would go a long way to clearing up the many lingering concerns in this area.

Unification would provide a national infrastructure for tackling the situation. The evaluation of genetic, environmental, bacteriological, nutritional, and other important disciplines by the Boss and Joint Chiefs of Autism Medicine may be the best way to gain ground on the enemy.

The Czar would be responsible for making a difference in the autism epidemic.

There is no ‘War on Autism’.
But patients, families and practitioners – those who live and fight in the trenches – could certainly benefit from some reinforcements.

Sleep and Autism

Sunday, October 26th, 2014

Persistent, altered sleep is a common finding among young children who have signs and symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of ASD. This is a key difference from neuro-typical peers.

And, like any person, changes in quantity and quality can result in further downstream behaviors; such as, inattention, poor focus, and easy distractibility. The situation can further deteriorate into tantrums, a ‘short fuse’, aggression and injurious actions (against self and/or others).

Sleepchart

Data from Ruffwarg, et.al. Science 1966

What is disturbed sleep?
Not only do young children sleep much longer, more time is spent dreaming, which is an important physiological necessity and developmental component. Since there is practically no muscle movement during REM periods, toddlers should be sleeping “like a log.” Many affected youngsters do not exhibit such activity.

Latency is prolonged. The time that it takes to fall into a slumber should be <~1/2 hour, even accounting for a great deal of individuality. Nighttime awakening is frequent in infancy, but the child should quickly drop off again. Because this process takes time, naps include less REM sleep.

For ASD affected individuals, problems can persist even into later years.

What causes disturbed sleep?
Sleep apnea is a possibility, especially for some premies, or when allergic asthma or rhinitis are frequent occurrences. More often, signs and symptoms represent GERD (reflux), of varying degrees and varied causes. Really bad heartburn, and no way to tell anyone.

Diarrhea, constipation and bowel inflammation may cause sleep alterations, as well. Since G-I conditions exist so frequently in ASD patients, this is a significant area for positive intervention and change.

Other medical issues include frequent ear infections causing fever and pain, seizures, altered melatonin metabolism, other metabolic disturbances, methyl B12 ‘shots’, and even the stimulant medications that many physicians prescribe.

A ‘workup’ is in order for any child who displays altered sleep, not a pill.

What interventions are useful?
A quiet environment at a regimented time helps everyone achieve faster, more sound sleep.

Sensory therapies can result in significant amelioration of sleep issues. Warm epsom salt baths, reading, and brushing are further examples of effective interventions, in selected patients.

After a suitable evaluation, youngsters who suffer GERD and other G-I discomfort may get a great deal of relief by proper positioning, appropriate feeding (time and volume), and occasional mild antacids. Medications that decrease acid production, such as Prilosec or Zantac, should be avoided, because of alterations in normal gut flora.

If food allergies are identified, avoidance of offending agents can calm the gut and help sleep to take hold. Unusual bacteria or fungal overgrowth should be addressed with strong probiotics, and anti-fungals when indicated.

Melatonin is a popular, safe and useful supplement. After a thorough patient evaluation, a doctor should suggest dosing. Providing this valuable antioxidant at exactly the same time each evening is central to producing predictable results. When the maximum dose is not effective in maintaining sleep, adding the natural amino acid, 5-hydroxy-tryptophan, may help.

With varying doses and results, supplements such as Valerian root, chamomile, passion flower, and kava have been recommended. GABA, an over-the-counter supplement, is a neurotransmitter that can either work quite well to assist sleep, or add to excitation in certain patients.

The most basic allopathic medication is Benadryl, an antihistamine that produces sleepiness. There are blood pressure lowering medications such as Clonidine®, Intuniv® and propranolol. These should be used short-term and the ordering physician should be alert to the cause(s) of the disturbance. Only rarely should strong CNS medications such as Depakote® be utilized. Sleeping pills that were meant for adults are just that – meant for adults.

Conclusions:
Unnatural quality and quantity of nocturnal activity often accompanies an autism diagnosis.

With such a plethora of downstream negative behaviors, interventions that reverse this situation are paramount to producing an effective autism treatment protocol.

Consulting with a knowledgeable, experienced clinician will yield the most valuable results.

Perhaps the most important improvement when affected children start to get an adequate night’s sleep is the positive effect on the whole family’s next day.

Autism, Broccoli and Cures

Sunday, October 19th, 2014

Sulforaphane treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) made the news this week. According to Johns Hopkins’ researchers, an as-yet unavailable chemical derived from broccoli “…substantially (and reversibly) improved behavior…”

This is great news for parents and professionals who, for decades have been so deprived of clinical studies that are well – designed, performed, documented and published. Many families are now searching for the best way to get sprouts and seeds into their child with ASD.

Importantly, the proposed mechanisms behind the treatment lend mainstream credibility to the concepts of oxidative stress and the work of Jill James, who has published since the beginning of this century. “Sulforaphane, which showed negligible toxicity… upregulates genes that protect aerobic cells against oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA-damage.”

The Good:
Supplements containing some of the chemical are for sale. There are ~1mg tablets, for example, that sell for ~30¢ each.  Broccoli seeds (the sprouting kind) are available for five bucks, though I’m not quit sure what to do with them.

One virtual vitamin shop advertises sulforaphane as AVMACHOL®, and that website is no longer available. It listed “365 mg of a proprietary substance made of 25mg of glucorapharin (the desired gluconsinolate form), broccoli sprout and mushroom extract.” One per day, @$ 1/per pill. Another lists Sulforaphane (From Broccoli), 0.4mg pill for only 4¢, but they were out of stock at this time.

The Bad:
There appears to be uncertainty regarding the bio-availability of the over-the-counter products. At it’s molecular weight (177 g/mol), and an average 100 uM dose (50-150 reported by researchers), it seems to represent a much larger dose (?~ 18 mg) than a broccoli side dish, or even the aforementioned supplements.

The Ugly:
Two of the authors in the study have explicitly rejected any claim to financial remuneration from sales of the expected product, due to “conflicts of interest.” Righteous! However, the son of one of those docs is the CEO of the new company.

Johns Hopkins University has U.S. patent applications and has licensed “… broccoli sprouts and seeds rich in glucosinolates… to Brassica Protection Products LLC.” That ought to raise the price.

Conclusions:
There are hundreds of patients who have been receiving reduced, (sulfur containing – cysteine boosting) liposomal glutathione for over 6 years, with great results. It turns out that the food with the highest known levels of glutathione – broccoli – works!

Parents who are already administering DMG, TMG, NAC, methyl B12, or reduced glutathione, should be alert for possible increased stimming with this added antioxidant.

At the very least, this information gives new meaning to moms who plead with their child to, “Eat your broccoli!”

Addendum:
Another opinion here

Why Don’t All Doctors Treat Autism This Way?

Sunday, October 12th, 2014

“If this protocol is so great, why doesn’t everyone know about it and do it?”

No answer seems to satisfy those who are firmly grounded in the old-time perceptions about ASD.  A patient’s (physician) family member raised this question recently, and it deserves a proper explanation.

The Top Reasons That Everyone Doesn’t Do It
(Combine a biomedical and traditional approach to reverse autistic signs and symptoms):

Time:
An accurate diagnosis is only produced by a thorough history and physical examination. “It’s autism,” is not good enough. A real medical ‘workup‘ helps determine the type of autism and co-morbidies. That is only the beginning. The most successful outcomes occur when families are involved to assist neuro-typical development.

Today’s physicians simply don’t have the luxury to spend hours per case; unless they are cutting, injecting, or physically assaulting the patient. Time, itself, is undervalued, and few practitioners choose this route.

Money:
Many of the resources that are most effective in reducing the conditions that are diagnosed as ASD are either not- or poorly- covered, by insurance. That applies to professionals, therapies, laboratory testing, supplements, and often even pharmaceutical products. The extra costs for each affected child are in excess of $ 40,000 per year, $ 1.4M per lifetime, and $ 2.4M per lifetime if there is intellectual disability.

Only recently have early diagnosis and intervention produced documented improvement, and biomedical interventions appear to be an unproven and unwarranted cost.

Big pharma is not involved:
Ah, the autism pill. News Flash: Like cancer, there won’t be one kind of ASD, or one successful treatment. However, there is research about many of the conditions that present with similar signs, including genetic and mitochondrial disorders. That work is putting doctors on the right path. As explained at a recent conference, it costs more than $1B to develop a new medication that makes it to patients. To date, 1/68 does not appear to represent an adequate market share.

Plus, many of the successful autism treatments involve supplements that are not expensive or controlled by the drug industry. Doctors are not served a tempting lunch provided by the makers of probiotics or other over-the-counter remedies.

The Wakefield Effect:
Due to controversial statements by a now-infamous British physician, the new reason that, “There are no studies to prove that theory,” is fear on the part of researchers. Really? Then, there are vaccination issues. Furthermore, not unlike previous epidemics, such as HIV-AIDS, there are a multitude of potions, and practitioners who promote them, to fill the medical void.

Parents may be willing travel to abroad or offer unusual treatments, seeking an unproven therapy. They are not crazy, they are desperate. The biomedical treatments that produce results are often lost in such clutter.

Denial:
“Selling” a newly-elucidated medical condition is a problem for family members who don’t think anything is amiss, except their version of proper parenting. Add a dash of medical jargon, and, for some, that is more difficult to swallow than reduced liquid glutathione.

Furthermore, those times when children suffer negative reactions due to die-off or methyl B12 stimulation may be easily misunderstood as regression or worsening of behaviors. Again, such events require a great deal of physician-patient interaction.

Poor Advertising:
The Child Development Center has offered services to many Florida universities, with very slow progress. Perhaps there is resistance due to NIH (Not Invented Here), or the specter of evil as regards the practice of holistic, complementary and alternative medicine. The Medical Academy of Pediatric Special Needs provides peer-reviewed research and education. TheAutismDoctor.com has a healthy readership, but obviously not enough to change popular opinion.

The gut-brain connection, metabolic problems, toxic exposure, and positive outcomes in ASD have been documented for decades. More publicity nowadays requires a book (working on that one), or a television show.

The Short Answer:
The present state-of-the-art in autism recovery is early recognition, an individualized protocol, and a complicated ongoing process of medical and therapeutic interventions.
It’s not a pill.

MAPS Fall ’14 Conference

Saturday, September 13th, 2014

Twice a year, doctors who are interested in understanding and treating children with complicated developmental issues, convene under the direction of the Medical Academy of Pediatric Special Needs. This is our opportunity to stay up-to-date about the latest protocols, and to speak with specialists from all over the world.

In addition to introducing the biomedical approach to professionals and providing a venue for the spouse and kids, the program includes ‘advanced’ tracks. The highlights of those lectures will be reviewed.

Day 1
Dr. Anju Usman – Down Syndrome
“What does that have to do with autism?” Learning about one neurologic childhood condition helps elucidate normal vs. abnormal structure and function. Besides, there are more than a few patients who suffer from both.

The ever-changing basic science of the brain was reviewed. A medical workup is similar; requiring genetic, metabolic, immune, and gastrointestinal evaluation. Conversely, having discovered treatment for the mitochondrial issues in ASD has successfully addressed various problems for Trisomy 21 patients, as well.

Dr. Giuseppina Feingold – Cerebral Palsy and Seizures
Again, understanding seizure activity in a condition where it is not uncommon, helps our understanding about convulsions in ASD. The lecturer, a pediatrician who practices alternative medicine in a very conventional setting, described her experience with her own child, who has CP.
A thorough review on the use of HBOT for CP was presented.

Dr. Mukherjee (New Dehli) and Dr. Marois (Quebec) followed with their research and positive experience managing CP with HBOT. Somehow, their findings have been misunderstood and misrepresented by the conventional medical community, for variety of reasons.

Dr. Kenneth Stoller reviewed his clinical knowledge and experience with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. He has successfully treated patients with HBOT and Oxytocin, and has published that research.

Case presentations and discussions – sharing our medical experiences – finished out the day. The 2000 pound gorilla in the room? (hint – it has something to do with autism). Data is lacking.

Day 2
Very exciting! This day’s lecturers are rockstars, as far as researching, teaching, publishing and treating the group of conditions that present as a post-inflammatory encephalopathy. It is rare to be among such experts, so freely discussing their findings and opinions.

The moderator, Dr. Nancy O’Hara described her extensive experience treating patients with these disorders, including her own son. Details are provided about an accurate description, differential diagnosis (“What else could it be?”), laboratory ‘workup’, treatment options (including an additional lecture covering nutritional support) and outcome.

Dr. Tanya Murphy presented a fascinating talk about the overlap between antimicrobials and psychotropic medications. Specifically, certain antibiotics can also have neuropsychiatric effects. Conversely, psychotropic drugs have effects on the inflammatory system. This finding helps explain why the disparate group of medications that we use may have similar effects.

The inventor of the term, Dr. Sue Swedo, a Director at the NIMH, presented the latest about PANDAS. She described the areas in the brain where tics and OCD behaviors lie, and how this manifests as a condition for doctors to investigate, with treatment guidelines.

Professor Madeleine Cunningham, a researcher for over 35 years, gave an elegant presentation that documented the presence of autoantibodies in certain patients’ blood and the CSF, offering evidence that those chemicals signal (or are blocked from) neuronal cells. This work helps our understanding of many of the movement disorders, from Tourette’s to PANDAS.

Case presentations and videos completed the afternoon. The take home message was that doctors should stop asking the question, “Do you believe in PANDAS?”

Day 3
Inflammation

Dr. Rodney Dietert conveyed his understanding regarding the complexity of the functional immune system, and the relationship to non-communicable chronic disease. “The tie that binds,” according to the Chief of Immunology at Cornell.
He presented with the passion and knowledge that only a man who has spent his lifetime in this research could bring.

Harvard celiac researcher, Dr. Alessio Fasano, presented Intestinal Permeability, Antigen Trafficking and Inflammation. The subtitle, “The gut is not like Las Vegas, what happens in the gut does not stay in the gut,” tells the whole story.

Canadian naturopathic physician, Dr. Zayd Ratansi spoke about HBOT and Inflammation. There were lots of associations with medical conditions such as wounds, pain, trauma, cystitis and CP. The only slide about ASD and HBOT slide was Dr. Rossignol’s controversial multi-center report.

Dr. Russell Blaylock, a neurosurgeon, researcher and author, spoke about Immunocytotoxicity in CNS Disorders, elucidating how inflammation is handled in the brain.
He explained why/how systemic disturbances activate the CNS immune system. In turn, ASD patients with inflammation, perhaps elsewhere, have behavioral signs and symptoms. Comments were offered about the risks of the present vaccine schedule on the developing brain.

Although I can’t report that there was a great deal of specific day-to-day information, there was a lot of food for thought, networking, and the knowledge that there an increasing number of serious professionals working on your kids’ difficulties.

ADHD – What else could it be?

Sunday, September 7th, 2014

In medical parlance, the title = “The Differential Diagnosis of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder”. However, a major stumbling block to understanding, treating and preventing this childhood epidemic is that it is considered a single organic entity, mostly of familial origin. Treatment usually involves strong stimulant medications, with serious side effects, in order to semi-successfully control a perplexing mix of imprecise signs and symptoms.

It’s not ‘just’ ADHD:
When I first encountered hyperactivity in the previous century, it was called ‘minimal brain disfunction’. After adjusting the name to reflect the ‘hyperactivity‘, the term ‘attention deficit‘ was added to streamline the diagnosis. Common difficulties include distractibility, poor focus, constant motion, immaturity, a ‘short fuse’ and frequent disruptive behaviors.

Combining two conditions that are poorly understood makes the problem more, not less, complicated. Other than naming it differently, I’m not quite sure that we have learned much about ADHD in the past 40 years, except for the recognition that it is increasing.

It’s not just ADHD if the child also has:
Some other chronic, concurrent physiological infirmity. Allergies, poor sleep, bowel or bladder problems are often not separate, isolated maladies. Importantly, as the associated medical conditions are successfully addressed, many of the base signs and symptoms may be ameliorated, as well.

Notably, behaviors such as aggression, anxiety and opposition may be coping mechanisms, not core deficiencies. That would explain why prescription medications are frequently ineffective, only work for short periods, or can even exacerbate symptoms.

As in all medical conditions, the diagnosis requires a ‘workup':
This week, our practice evaluated a patient who was exhibiting aggressive and oppositional behaviors. At the start of the school year, with so many children who have similar issues, the diagnosis would probably have been ADHD, and the patient sent home with an Rx for Ritalin. Except, on laboratory workup and by physical examination, he has thyroid disease!

Conditions as diverse as ASD, dyslexia, prenatal substance abuse, and even chromosomal changes may be present. Such circumstances are frequently missed due to the lack of elucidating a differential diagnosis –  what else could this child’s problem be?

Diet is important:
The studies about the effects of diet on ADHD are often difficult to interpret. The popular Feingold Diet focuses on artificial ingredients and salicylates, and has helped hundreds of thousands. WebMD provides a useful framework: overall nutritional, elimination and supplementation. Such a classification highlights the need to perform a thorough medical evaluation to eliminate much of the guesswork. If you can see it, you have a chance to beat it.

All the confusing nutrition babble aside, vigilant parents may discover offending agents and helpful substitutes. The problem is getting your kids to listen.

There isn’t just one treatment:
Stimulant medications. Three major variations. Caffeine citrate and nicotine patches can substitute.
Anti-anxiety drugs. Three on-label listings (Intuniv, Risperdal, Abilify) and numerous adult versions.
Homeopathic, naturopathic, allopathic variations.
Neurofeedback, NAET, neuro-sensoryelectrical stimulation, detoxification, etc.

Such a multitude of treatment options leaves professionals throwing darts at a moving target. The process is not exactly experimentation, but it certainly is trial-and-error. It isn’t difficult to understand why parents search the Internet for safe, effective intervention(s).

Close followup is key:
The present gestalt of listening to a parent’s concern, observing an antsy child in the office, and handing out a ticket for more over-prescribed ‘band-aids’ seems unstoppable. It’s not only the type of intervention, but how the child is evaluated and what specific signs and symptoms are successfully addressed, given the myriad of side effects.

Importantly, children are constantly growing, evolving and experiencing internal and external changes. Dosing, frequency, timing, and type of successful therapy will change dramatically over time.

Conclusion:
When a medical professional announces that your child has ADHD without a detailed history, review of systems, physical examination and appropriate laboratory evaluations, the patient is getting short-changed. It can even be made worse by over-prescribing potent pharmaceutical agents.

Parents who research the ‘net will find the landscape quite confusing. The best advice is to find a doctor with the skill, experience and time to understand this complicated diagnosis.

Ten Must-Have Back-to-School Autism Supplies

Friday, August 15th, 2014

Forget pencils and notebooks. Here is my take on the most important items that children who exhibit signs and symptoms of ASD and ADHD really need to make it through the coming season:

10. A weighted vest, and other such functional products. Neural systems are on overload, so any/all sensory reducing strategies need to be dusted off and utilized. My son, a Special Ed teacher, reports that one of his favorites is Chewelry.

9. A special request for an IEP meeting to review everything agreed upon in the last IEP, and how the child has progressed.

8. A written, visible schedule. The previous school year’s busy agenda needs a re-boot. With non-preferred activities about to consume more time, acceptance and self-control become paramount, so clear expectations are a good start.

7. Sleep. Likewise, the body’s internal rhythms have gone on a summer vacation. Warm epsom salt baths are great to pave the way at bedtime. Chamomile is fine, and more difficult problems may be ameliorated with the administration of melatonin.

6. Supplements and medications. Children with ADHD are often given drug ‘vacations’ during the break. Appropriate dosing and timing may have changed as the summer progressed, so try getting things started a week or so early.

5. Healthy food. Unfortunately, schools do not often assist in this endeavor. If junior has been slipping off the diet, or eating too much junk, get back to basics.

4. An app to disable the iPhone. Really. The time spent on iPads, computers and video games needs to become severely limited.

3. Playtime. It is very difficult to transition from a season of freedom to one of academic drudgery and endless therapy sessions. Going to the park, ballgames, and other outdoor athletic activities is a basic part of being any kid. Even though physical activity is not as preferable as that smartphone, try to make it happen.

2. Soap. Stress cleanliness and get the child into the habit of washing their hands. To the extent that the school will cooperate, tissue dispensers, hand sanitizers and bathroom etiquette could provide some barrier to the onslaught of cooties.

1. A big dose of time and patience. As students fit into the new school year, so do teachers, administrators and other professionals need time to understand each child’s strengths and weaknesses.

Everyone remembers that first day back at school; anxiety, fear, excitation, and dread. The assault on the senses, social stresses and academic expectations are an even more tremendous hurdle for students with challenges in those very areas.

Most of all, parents’ love and understanding gets us all through those first inglorious days and weeks.

Categories Archives Links Contact Us

Brian D. Udell MD
6974 Griffin Road
Davie
FL 33314
Office phone – 954-873-8413
Fax – 954-792-2424

Email bdumd@childdev.org
Copyright © TheAutismDoctor.com 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
All Rights Reserved